Table of Contents
Legal Ohio gambling options consist of casinos, racing betting, a state lottery and charitable gambling. Ohio casinos offer the typical variety of games and are not subject to restrictions on table games as is in the case in some other states.
The minimum age to gamble at a casino in Ohio is 21, while the minimum age to bet on horses, buy lottery tickets and participate in other forms of gaming is 18.
- Horseracing: Live, off-track and mobile
- Lottery: Scratch-off, lotto and keno sales at authorized retailers
- Slots, video poker and table games: Four regional resort casinos
- Live poker: Regional casinos and private clubs
- Video lottery slots and video poker: seven racetrack casinos (racinos)
- Bingo and raffles: only at registered charities
- Fantasy sports: Online
Online Gambling in Ohio
Ohio law permits two forms of online gaming:
- Daily fantasy sports
- Online horse racing betting
Although the classification of either of these as “gambling” is debatable due to the significant amount of skill involved in each, these are the only two forms of online gaming that are conducted in open view of law enforcement authorities.
Most major daily fantasy providers and racing betting operators offer their services in Ohio today. This means sports fans have plenty of options to choose from when it comes to betting on races or playing fantasy sports with operators that are fair, legal and headquartered in the USA.
Licensed operators may offer their services to Ohioans who are 18 or older.
Online Gambling Laws in Ohio
Mobile horse racing betting exists in a legal gray area in Ohio. Online racing betting (also known as Advance Deposit Wagering or ADW) is not specifically addressed by state law. However, the Ohio State Racing Commission has adopted rules governing the operation of ADW services.
This exchange between Senator Coley, an attorney and economist best explains the complicated landscape of advance deposit wagering in Ohio. The short version is that although the law does not specifically authorize ADWs, they operate in the open, handle substantial numbers of wagers and are accepted by the state racing commission.
There are two types of casinos in Ohio:
- Four resort-style casinos regulated by the Ohio Casino Control Commission
- Seven video lottery casinos regulated by the Ohio Lottery Commission
Each of the four resort-style casinos has a monopoly in its region of the state and is able to offer a full range of Vegas-style games. These include slots, video poker, keno, live poker, craps, roulette, blackjack, three card poker and more.
The seven video lottery racinos may only offer video lottery terminals which look and function nearly the same as traditional slots.
List of Ohio Casinos
|Hollywood Casino Columbus|
200 Georgesville Road
Columbus, OH 43228
|Hollywood Casino Toledo|
777 Hollywood Blvd
Toledo, OH 43605
|JACK Cleveland Casino|
1000 Broadway St.
Cincinnati, OH 45202
|Hard Rock Casino Cincinnati|
1000 Broadway Street
Cincinnati, OH 45202
List of Ohio Racinos
6000 S High Street
Columbus, OH 43207
|JACK Thistledown Racino|
21501 Emery Road
North Randall, OH 44128
|MGM Northfield Park|
10777 Northfield Road
Northfield, OH 44067
|Miami Valley Gaming|
6000 SR 63
Lebanon, OH 45036
6301 Kellogg Road
Cincinnati, OH 45230
|Hollywood Gaming at Dayton Raceway|
777 Hollywood Blvd
Dayton, OH 45414
|Hollywood Gaming at Mahoning Valley Race Course|
655 N Canfield Niles Road
Youngstown, OH 44515
Land-based Casino Laws
After attempts failed to legalize Ohio casinos in 1980, 1990 and 1996, a constitutional amendment was approved by voters in 2009. This opened the door for four regional casinos in the state. The first Ohio casino opened in Cleveland on May 14, 2012.
The four regional casinos may spread any slot or table game available in major gaming markets. The casino tax rate in Ohio is 33 percent. There is also an initial $1.5 million application fee, a $50 million licensing fee and a commitment to invest at least $250 million. There is a renewal tax every three years of $500,000 for the application and $1.5 million for the license.
Ohio casinos may not have more than 5,000 machines and all machines must provide a theoretical payout percentage of at least 85%. There is no cap on the number of table game or poker tables. Ohio casino law is governed by ORC §3772.
The seven racinos in Ohio operate under the state lottery and may offer video lottery terminals (VLTs) under ORC §3770.21. VLT racetrack operating standards, licensing information and other resources are available through the OH Lottery website here.
Video lottery racetracks are also subject to an initial licensing fee of $50 million and may have no more than 2,500 machines. VLT racetracks are subject to the tax scheme described in ORC §3769.087.
Tax revenues collected from VLT racetracks are used for municipal management and public education.
Sports Betting in Ohio
Sports betting is illegal in Ohio at present, but that seems increasingly likely to change. Bills introduced in 2019 and carried over into 2020 show there is demand for legal sports betting among lawmakers.
Two bills currently under consideration would authorize retail sportsbooks and mobile betting if passed. One bill calls for sports betting to be overseen by the Casino Control Commission while the other would have the Ohio Lottery regulate sports betting.
Sports Betting Laws in Ohio
Currently, the only mention of sports betting in Ohio law is a provision specifically outlawing the activity. This will change if and when lawmakers pass legislation to authorize sports betting, of course, but for now sports betting is illegal.
ORC §2915.01 defines “bookmaking” as follows:
“…the business of receiving or paying off bets.”
Ohio law is unique in that it does not just prohibit acting as a bookmaker, but also placing wagers with a bookmaker. ORC 2915.02(A) states no person shall “engage in bookmaking, or knowingly engage in conduct that facilitates bookmaking.”
Further, ORC 2915.02(B) specifies that “a person facilitates bookmaking if the person in any way knowingly aids an illegal bookmaking operation, including, without limitation, placing a bet with a person engaged in facilitating illegal bookmaking.”
Violation of the state’s bookmaking law is a misdemeanor in the first degree for a first offense. If the offender has a conviction for any gambling-related offense in the past, it becomes a felony in the fifth degree.
Poker in Ohio
Poker is legal at Ohio’s four regional casinos. This includes cash games and tournaments of Texas Hold’em, Omaha, Seven Card Stud and mixed games. Casinos charge a rake to cover the costs associated with the game.
There are also dozens of poker clubs in Ohio. These are open to the public and require a membership fee. The tables offer food and beverages and do not take a rake at the tables.
Poker Laws in Ohio
Poker is considered a game of chance under Ohio Revised Code 2915.01(D) and is therefore illegal unless offered through a licensed casino or the game is organized in a matter to meet social gambling exemptions.
Private poker clubs are legal as long as they do not charge a rake. Private clubs may charge a fee for membership, which works in effect like the time charges used by cardrooms in other states. While casinos are limited to guests 21 and older, private cardrooms may accept guests who are 18 or older.
Home Poker Games
Ohio has a social gaming exception to its gambling laws. Home poker games are permitted if the house does not make money directly from the operation of the game. In other words, if no rake is dropped, the game is legal. This exception also opened the door for private poker clubs throughout the state.
Fantasy Sports in Ohio
Daily fantasy sports contests were legalized in Ohio through the passage of HB 132 in December 2017.
The law (OAC §3772-74) establishes a minimum age of 18 to participate, requires operators to pay an annual licensing fee that ranges from $3,000 to $30,000 depending on the number of players from Ohio who played in at least one paid contest with that operator over the previous year.
The fantasy division of the Ohio Casino Control Commission oversees the conduct of fantasy operators.
The Ohio Lottery has been in operation since 1974 and offers instant games, tickets to large drawings and keno. The lottery also oversees the conduct of racetracks with video lottery terminals.
To date, the lottery has provided more than $25 billion to public education across the Buckeye State.
Intrastate Ohio Lotto Games
- Pick 3
- Pick 4
- Pick 5
- Rolling Cash 5
- Classic Lotto + Kicker
Interstate Ohio Lotto Games
- Lucky for Life
- Mega Millions
Ohio Lottery Law
The Ohio Lottery was established by a statewide referendum in 1973. The measure passed by a nearly 3-to-1 vote and the first game went on sale the following year.
Lottery proceeds originally went to the general fund but shifted to funding public education after action from the Ohio Legislature in 1983. In 1987, Ohio voters approved a constitutional amendment to permanently earmark lottery revenues for public education. Taxes generated by the lottery may not supplant existing education funding.
Ohio Racing Betting
Ohio is home to seven major horse racetracks. Online wagering is permitted through advanced deposit wagering operators, although the legality of online racing betting has never been formally decided one way or another.
All seven tracks also offer video lottery terminals (VLTs) regulated by the Ohio Lottery Commission.
Ohio Racing Laws
The Ohio State Racing Commission was established by the Ohio Legislature in 1933 when pari-mutuel wagering was legalized. Horse racing betting is taxed at a rate of one percent for the first $100,000 in daily racing handle. That goes up to two percent at $200,000 and three percent at $300,000. Any daily handle amount over $400,000 is taxed four percent.
Exotic wagers have an additional tax rate of 3.5 percent. There is also a rate of 0.1 percent per meet for handle under $5 million and 0.15 percent if handle is above $5 million for a meet.
Horseracing bettors must be at least 18 years of age. This includes live and online betting. Patrons of the attached video lottery racinos must be at least 21 years of age.
Skill Gaming in Ohio
Ohio’s gambling definition under Ohio Revised Code 2915.01(d) states that an outcome that is determined “largely by chance” is illegal if it is not a part of a licensed gaming activity. This allows for some amount of chance to be legal in a competition in which entrants pay a fee and compete for prizes.
Esports are not specifically addressed by Ohio gambling law. One would need to determine the level of chance involved. Players making wagers between one other are likely to fall under skill-based gambling exemptions while spectators placing wagers on the outcomes of other people’s matches would almost certainly run afoul of criminal laws regarding illegal bookmaking.
Skill-based Gaming Machines
Skill-based gaming machines are legal at Ohio casinos. These are licensed in the same way as other games. Other skill-based amusement games are regulated by the Ohio Casino Control Commission. Payouts on these machines away from casinos must be limited to merchandise valued at $10 or less. Cash may not be awarded on these devices outside casinos.
Ohio Charity Bingo Laws
Ohio permits charities that qualify as a nonprofit under IRS Code 501(a) or 501(c)(3), as well as local public service departments, to operate raffles and bingos. The Ohio Attorney General’s office regulated charitable gaming. There is a fee of up to $200 to get registered. Charities must be in operation for at least two years before being granted a bingo license.
Ohio Gaming Regulatory Directory
- Ohio Casino Control Commission
- Ohio Lottery
- Ohio State Racing Commission
- Ohio Attorney General (charitable gaming)
Ohio Gambling FAQ
Does the Ohio Lottery permit anonymous winners?
Yes. Ohio Lottery winners may remain anonymous.
Are gambling winnings taxed in Ohio?
There is an estimated four percent tax on Ohio gambling winnings. Any payout requiring a 1099-G will have this four percent withheld.
Is sports betting legal in Ohio?
No. However, a bill introduced in 2019 hopes to change that during the 2020 legislative session. It would permit online sports betting as well as live sportsbooks at the state’s casinos and racetracks.
Is live poker legal in Ohio?
Yes. Live poker is legal at the state’s four regional casinos and card clubs.
Are home poker games legal in Ohio?
Yes, if the house does not take a rake from the pot.
What is the bet limit at poker in Ohio?
There are no bet limits at Ohio casinos.
Are live craps and roulette games legal at Ohio casinos?
Yes. Any major casino game is spread in Ohio casinos.
Are any Ohio casinos on reservations?
No. There are no reservations in Ohio. All casinos are operated commercially or through the video lottery.
Is smoking permitted at Ohio casinos?
No. Ohio law does not permit smoking in casinos.
Ohio Problem Gambling Resources
Ohio is home to several state-level gambling resources as listed below. Additionally, anyone who has a question about problem gambling or who is worried about a loved one who may have a gambling problem can make use of national resources such as the National Council on Problem Gambling, Gamblers Anonymous, Gam-Talk and GamblingTherapy.com.